When it comes to describing what enamel paint is it is a type of paint that can air dry to finish off and become hard, and it also usually glossy. It can be used to coat surfaces that are outdoors or pretty much any are that is subject to hard ware or have a variations in temperature.
Enamel paint sometimes can be confused with decorated objects that are painted enamel, where you can find vitreous enamel being applied with a brush and also fired in a kiln. The name itself might get confusing and the term misleading because in reality when you see most of the commercially available type, they are much softer than a vitreous enamel. A stove synthetic resin is also included; all have a totally different composition.
When you are referring to a vitreous enamel it is applied as a powder of enamel pastes onto the surface. Once it is applied it is then fired at a high temperature. Generally speaking there is really no accepted definition or even standard for the use when we are discussing the term of enamel paint. In many cases not all paint types will use it. When we are looking at the term enamel paint the general definition of this term is used to describe oil-based covering products. It is usually applied and has a significant amount of gloss in them.
Furthermore, a lot of latex and even water-based paints also have adopted this term. When the term is used today it usually meant as a hard surfaced paint, it also is normally in a reference for many different paint brands that are at higher quality. It also includes floor coatings that produce a high gloss finish and even spray paints.
In the process of making enamel paints, some have been made by just adding a varnish to the old based paint to give it that look. In art enamels and painted enamel is normally referred to vitreous enamel. By the 20th century some artist would use these to produce some of their famous master pieces. Nowadays some enamel paints can be found to be produced specifically for artist to paint with.
There are all different categories when it comes to describing enamel paint. Floor enamel, is used for concrete stairs, basement and porches. Fast dry enamel, is enamel that can dry between 10 to 15 minutes which is usually applied to refrigerators, counters and other industrial finishes. High temp enamel is usually applied to engines, and brakes. Depending on what your purpose of using the enamel paint will depend on what specific type you will need. Enamel paint has many different definitions it all depends on what you are using it for.